February 9th stands as a day rich in historical events that have shaped the course of human history across various fields, including politics, exploration, science, and culture. From ancient battles to pivotal treaties, and groundbreaking discoveries, this date commemorates a wide array of significant moments.
Major Historical Events on February 9 – Today in History
- 1234: Mongol Army Takes the Jin City of Caizhou
- 1499: France & Venice Sign Treaty Against Milan
- 1537: Pope Paul III and Cardinal Pole’s Mission to England
- 1554: Battle at London and Sir Thomas Wyatt’s Defeat
- 1555: Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper Burned at the Stake
- 1574: Louis of Nassau Ends Siege of Maastricht
- 1621: Alexander Ludovisi Elected Pope Gregory XV
- 1667: Treaty of Andrussovo
- 1742: Sir Robert Walpole Ennobled as 1st Earl of Orford
- 1788: Austria Declares War on Russia
- 1801: France & Austria Sign Peace of Luneville
- 1822: Haiti Invades the Newly Founded Dominican Republic
- 1825: John Quincy Adams Elected 6th US President
- 1870: US Army Establishes US National Weather Service
- 1886: State of Emergency in Seattle
- 1893: Canal Builder De Lesseps Sentenced for Fraud
- 1897: Invasion of Benin City
- 1913: Beginning of the Ten Tragic Days
- 1922: Establishment of World War Foreign Debt Commission
- 1939: Belgian Spaak Government Falls
- 1942: Daylight Savings War Time in US
- 1943: Japanese Troops Evacuate Guadalcanal
- 1943: FDR’s Minimum 48-hour Work Week Order
- 1946: Formation of Dutch Labor Party
- 1954: Mario Scelba Forms New Government in Italy
- 1961: The Beatles’ First Gig at Liverpool’s Cavern Club
- 1963: First Test Flight of Boeing 727
- 1968: Rare 3-way Tie in Women’s 500m Speed Skating
- 1971: Apollo 14 Returns to Earth
- 1971: Satchel Paige Elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
- 1972: British Government Declares State of Emergency
- 1974: Dorothy Hamill Wins US Female Figure Skating Championship
- 1986: Haydar Bakr al-Attas Appointed President of South Yemen
- 1992: Jani Sievinen Swims World Record 400m Medley
- 1998: Failed Assassination Attempt on Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze
- 2014: Discovery of the Oldest Known Star
- 2018: XXIII Olympic Winter Games in PyeongChang
- 2020: 92nd Academy Awards: “Parasite” Wins Best Picture
- 2020: Fastest Supersonic New York to London Journey
- 2021: UAE’s Successful Mars Probe Orbit
1234: Mongol Army Takes the Jin City of Caizhou
The Mongol conquest reaches a critical point as they capture Caizhou, marking the end of the Jin dynasty. Emperor Ai-Tsung’s suicide rather than capture highlights the brutal efficiency of Mongol warfare.
1499: France & Venice Sign Treaty Against Milan
In a move against Milan, France and Venice sign a strategic treaty, demonstrating the power dynamics and alliances in Renaissance Europe that influenced the Italian Wars.
1537: Pope Paul III and Cardinal Pole’s Mission to England
Pope Paul III sends Cardinal Pole to England in an attempt to reconcile with Henry VIII, showcasing the tension between England’s monarchy and the Catholic Church during the Reformation.
1554: Battle at London and Sir Thomas Wyatt’s Defeat
The defeat of Sir Thomas Wyatt near London quells his rebellion against Queen Mary’s Spanish marriage plan, highlighting the political and religious upheavals in Tudor England.
1555: Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper Burned at the Stake
Bishop John Hooper’s execution for heresy under Queen Mary I underscores the intense religious persecution during her reign, part of the wider Marian Persecutions.
1574: Louis of Nassau Ends Siege of Maastricht
Louis of Nassau lifts the siege of Maastricht, a notable event in the Dutch struggle for independence from Spanish Habsburg rule, emphasizing the early stages of the Eighty Years’ War.
1621: Alexander Ludovisi Elected Pope Gregory XV
Alexander Ludovisi becomes Pope Gregory XV, introducing the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith and impacting the Counter-Reformation’s global missionary work.
1667: Treaty of Andrussovo
The Treaty of Andrussovo concludes the Russian-Polish War, showing the complexities of Eastern European politics and territorial disputes, with Russia gaining significant territories.
1742: Sir Robert Walpole Ennobled as 1st Earl of Orford
Sir Robert Walpole, Britain’s first de facto Prime Minister, is made the 1st Earl of Orford, highlighting his foundational role in establishing the modern British parliamentary system.
1788: Austria Declares War on Russia
Austria’s declaration of war against Russia marks a significant escalation in the complex web of European alliances and conflicts that characterized the late 18th century.
1801: France & Austria Sign Peace of Luneville
The Peace of Luneville between France and Austria ends hostilities, solidifying French dominance in Europe post the French Revolutionary Wars.
1822: Haiti Invades the Newly Founded Dominican Republic
Haiti’s invasion of its neighbor underscores the turbulent post-colonial period in the Caribbean, highlighting the complex history of Hispaniola.
1825: John Quincy Adams Elected 6th US President
John Quincy Adams is elected President by the House of Representatives in a contentious election, exemplifying the unique American electoral system and its potential for controversy.
1870: US Army Establishes US National Weather Service
The establishment of the National Weather Service signifies the US government’s commitment to protecting lives and property through weather forecasting and research.
1886: State of Emergency in Seattle
President Grover Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle due to anti-Chinese riots, reflecting the racial tensions and immigration issues in the late 19th-century United States.
1893: Canal Builder De Lesseps Sentenced for Fraud
Ferdinand de Lesseps’ sentencing for the Panama Canal project fraud case highlights the challenges of one of the era’s most ambitious engineering projects and the risks of speculative investment.
1897: Invasion of Benin City
The British force’s invasion and looting of Benin City mark a dark chapter in colonial history, resulting in the end of the Kingdom of Benin and significant cultural losses.
1913: Beginning of the Ten Tragic Days
The Ten Tragic Days begin in Mexico City, a coup d’état against President Francisco I. Madero, leading to immense violence and pivotal changes in the Mexican Revolution.
1922: Establishment of World War Foreign Debt Commission
The US Congress creates the World War Foreign Debt Commission to address the complex issue of war debts, underscoring the lingering financial aftermath of World War I.
1939: Belgian Spaak Government Falls
The fall of the Spaak government in Belgium ahead of World War II highlights the political volatility in Europe and the challenges of maintaining stability in the face of growing Nazi aggression.
1942: Daylight Savings War Time in US
The US adopts Daylight Saving Time as a wartime measure to conserve energy, showing the home front mobilization efforts during World War II.
1943: Japanese Troops Evacuate Guadalcanal
The Japanese evacuation from Guadalcanal marks a turning point in the Pacific War, showcasing the strategic importance of the Solomon Islands and the intensity of the conflict.
1943: FDR’s Minimum 48-hour Work Week Order
President Roosevelt’s order for a minimum 48-hour work week in critical industries reflects the demands of wartime production and the government’s role in labor regulation during World War II.
1946: Formation of Dutch Labor Party
The Dutch Labor Party’s formation marks a significant moment in the Netherlands’ post-war political realignment, aiming for social democracy and welfare state principles.
1954: Mario Scelba Forms New Government in Italy
Mario Scelba’s government formation in post-war Italy indicates the country’s ongoing political instability and the struggle to establish a stable democratic order.
1961: The Beatles’ First Gig at Liverpool’s Cavern Club
The Beatles’ first performance at the Cavern Club marks the beginning of their meteoric rise, symbolizing the transformative power of rock and roll and the emergence of youth culture.
1963: First Test Flight of Boeing 727
The Boeing 727’s first flight signifies advancements in aviation technology, marking the era of jet airliners and expanding the possibilities of commercial air travel.
1968: Rare 3-way Tie in Women’s 500m Speed Skating
A unique three-way tie for silver in the Grenoble Winter Olympics highlights the competitive nature of the games and the achievements of women athletes in speed skating.
1971: Apollo 14 Returns to Earth
Apollo 14’s return from the Moon continues humanity’s exploration of outer space, demonstrating the technological achievements and exploratory spirit of the Apollo program.
1971: Satchel Paige Elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
Satchel Paige’s induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame recognizes the immense talent within the Negro Leagues and begins to rectify the exclusion of Black athletes from baseball’s official history.
1972: British Government Declares State of Emergency
The British government’s response to a coal miners’ strike by declaring a state of emergency underscores the economic challenges and the power of labor unions in the 20th century.
1974: Dorothy Hamill Wins US Female Figure Skating Championship
Dorothy Hamill’s victory in the US Figure Skating Championships showcases her talent and foreshadows her Olympic success, contributing to the popularization of figure skating.
1986: Haydar Bakr al-Attas Appointed President of South Yemen
The appointment of Haydar Bakr al-Attas as President of South Yemen reflects the political dynamics and struggles within the Arab Peninsula during the Cold War.
1992: Jani Sievinen Swims World Record 400m Medley
Jani Sievinen’s world record in swimming exemplifies the continuous push for excellence in sports and the breaking of physical boundaries through training and dedication.
1998: Failed Assassination Attempt on Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze
The assassination attempt against Eduard Shevardnadze highlights the political instability and dangers faced by leaders in the post-Soviet geopolitical landscape.
2014: Discovery of the Oldest Known Star
The discovery of a 13.6 billion-year-old star by Australian National University scientists expands our understanding of the universe’s age and the formation of celestial bodies.
2018: XXIII Olympic Winter Games in PyeongChang
The PyeongChang Winter Olympics bring the world together in a celebration of sportsmanship and international cooperation, showcasing the unifying power of sports.
2020: 92nd Academy Awards: “Parasite” Wins Best Picture
“Parasite” winning Best Picture at the Oscars marks a historic moment for international cinema, breaking barriers and highlighting the global appeal of storytelling.
2020: Fastest Supersonic New York to London Journey
A British Airways flight’s record-setting transatlantic crossing underlines the advancements in aviation technology and the impact of natural phenomena on flight speeds.
2021: UAE’s Successful Mars Probe Orbit
The UAE’s Hope probe entering Mars’ orbit signifies a milestone in space exploration, marking the Arab world’s growing contribution to the scientific understanding of our solar system.