Icarus Story | The Flight of Icarus: How often have you heard to avoid flying too close to the sun? The Greek mythology of Icarus is among the most well-known tales from antiquity and an excellent illustration of what can happen if you disregard this warning. It depicts the tale of a father and child who tried an aerial prison break.

Who was Icarus?

Icarus was a figure in Greek mythology who gained notoriety for dying before becoming a man. He was the child of Daedalus, a brilliant inventor who built a clever labyrinth for Minos, the ruler of Crete, on the island of Cnossus. Even Daedalus couldn’t find a way out of his maze. Daedalus was sentenced to spend the remaining years of his life in the labyrinth after falling out of favor with the ruler of Crete sometime after it was constructed. Icarus shared the same destiny as his father since he was his father’s child.

Why were Daedalus and Icarus sent to prison?

Pasiphae, Minos’ wife, had a love affair with the Cretan bull and gave birth to the Minotaur, a being with a bull’s head and a man’s body. Daedalus was hired to construct a labyrinth, a maze-like structure, to hold this beast. Theseus used a claw that Daedalus had handed to Ariadne when he travelled to Crete through Athens and defeated the Minotaur with her assistance. Ariadne and Theseus fled Crete together.

Daedalus’ aid in assisting Theseus to escape the labyrinth enraged King Minos. He kept Daedalus and Icarus captive in a tower over his palace at Knossos because he wouldn’t let them depart. Icarus quickly lost his calm since he was so restless and adventurous. He yearned to travel and experience all that the world has to offer.

Icarus Story | The Flight of Icarus - Greek Mythology
Icarus Story | The Flight of Icarus – Greek Mythology

Daedalus’ Getaway Strategy

Daedalus created an escape strategy out of desperation to discover a way out. Both Daedalus and his son Icarus had wings made for them. They would just be able to get off the island and away from King Minos’ anger. Daedalus became one of the most well-known inventors of his day and remembered the principles he gained from his experience. For both himself and his kid, Daedalus was able to fashion two pairs of wax- and feather-joined wings.

Flying Icarus

Icarus, whom Daedalus had taught to fly, felt that flying up and over the palace was the most effective way to flee. Daedalus cautioned his son against flying too close to the sun because this would melt the wax or too low since this would make the feathers become wet with seawater.

Icarus’ Fall

They took off together from the tower, departing Crete for freedom. Icarus, however, quickly disregarded his father’s advice and continued to soar upward until the wax began to melt from the intense sunlight. He lost his wings, plunged into the water, and drowned.

One of the best-known Greek stories is the one about Icarus’ flight. The narrative describes a young guy trying to fly dangerously near to the sun with wax and feather wings. Icarus drowns in the water after the wax melts due to the sun’s heat.

The works about Icarus in Roman and Greek Literature

Greek poets frequently made casual references to Icarus, and the story is briefly recounted in Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Roman poet Ovid, who featured it in his Metamorphoses, provided one of the most significant renditions. Ovid warns that the most ambitious attempts can go wrong in his version of the story, emphasizing the perils of hubris and overreaching.

Icarus Story | The Flight of Icarus - Greek Mythology
Icarus Story | The Flight of Icarus – Greek Mythology

The works about Icarus in English Literature

Later authors, especially those in England, were profoundly influenced by this rendition of the tale. Ovid’s narrative, for instance, served as a major inspiration to John Milton when he wrote his epic poem Paradise Lost. In Shakespeare’s drama Julius Caesar, wherein Cassius compared Brutus to Icarus as a caution against excessive pride, Ovid’s influence may also be observed. Ovid’s portrayal of the myth of Icarus has had a profound impact on English literature.

A Tale to Learn from

In Greek mythology, Icarus is among the most well-known tragic figures because his tale illustrates the perils of excess pride. Icarus’ wings melted because he went too close to the sun despite his father’s warnings not to soar too high. This resulted in his untimely demise.

While the tale is frequently understood as a warning against excess pride’s consequences, it can also be read as a caution against carelessness and irresponsibility. After all, it was Icarus’ immaturity and recklessness, not his pride, that led to his fall. In other words, the lesson of the story might be more about the value of learning from mistakes than it is about the consequences of arrogance.


This story is frequently cited as a lesson in self-preservation and the perils of defying authority. Icarus stands in for the propensity for humans to overestimate our potential and take unwarranted risks. He made mistakes, and we can all benefit from them by being careful as we pursue our goals. Additionally, it serves as a warning to not allow arrogance get the best of us. The terrible tale of Icarus has indeed been told and repeated for ages and is still relevant today.

Also Read: Benefits of Being Bilingual