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Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)

Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)

Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient): The capacity of a person to recognize, analyze, regulate, and express their emotions is known as their emotional quotient (EQ). Because they have a strong capacity for understanding, empathy, and connection with those around them, people with high EQ typically make excellent leaders and team members. A person’s IQ, or intelligence quotient, is determined by the results of one of many standardized tests used to measure that person’s intelligence.

Academic aptitude is assessed using IQ, which is also used to spot people with unusually high IQ’s or other mental impairments. EQ is used to identify leaders, strong team players, and individuals who perform best on their own. It is a better predictor of success in the workplace. While IQ stands for Intelligence Quotient and shows a person’s level of intelligence, EQ, or Emotional Quotient, refers to a person’s capacity to comprehend both his or her own emotions as well as those of others.

Definition of IQ

The intelligence quotient, abbreviated as IQ, is the result of a conventional intelligence test in which the mental age of the test-taker is divided by his or her chronological age and then multiplied by 100. The test is designed to evaluate a person’s ability to reason and think critically. IQ is a measurement of a person’s intellect level and is based on how well they performed on an intelligence exam when compared to other persons their age who took the same test. The intelligence quotient, or IQ, is a result of standardized tests meant to measure intelligence. IQ is strongly related to intellectual activities including learning, understanding, and applying knowledge to skill sets. Math ability, word comprehension, and logical reasoning are all included in IQ. Higher IQ individuals have an easier time creating connections and thinking abstractly.

Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)
Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)

Definition of EQ

The term “emotional quotient,” abbreviated as “EQ,” refers to a person’s capacity to recognize his or her own and other people’s emotions. It gauges a person’s level of emotional intelligence, which distinguishes between various emotions and uses this intelligence to direct thought and behaviour. In his book on emotional intelligence, psychologist Daniel Goleman initially coined the phrase in 1995. It is the capacity of a person to recognize, articulate, and manage his or her thoughts and behaviours, comprehend others and correctly interpret their circumstances, make wise and prompt judgments, deal with stresses and crises, and other such abilities. According to study, those with high EQs have better mental health, work performance, and a more positive outlook on life.

Differences Between IQ and EQ are as follows:

The following points provide a detailed explanation of the key distinctions between IQ and EQ.

  • The term “emotional quotient,” or “EQ,” refers to a person’s level of emotional intelligence as measured by test results. A person’s IQ, or intelligence quotient, is a score acquired from a standardized intelligence test that indicates their capacity for logical reasoning.
  • A person’s IQ level determines how successful they will be in school, whereas their EQ level indicates how successful they will be in real life.
  • The ability to recognize one’s own and other people’s emotional expression, or social and emotional intelligence, is measured by emotional quotient. In contrast, IQ gauges a person’s aptitude for learning and critical thinking.
  • Emotional IQ is increased and acquired. An ability is something you are born with, as opposed to intellectual quotient.
  • Someone with high EQ is able to recognize, manage, and express their own emotions as well as observe and evaluate others’ emotions. A person with a high IQ, on the other hand, can study, comprehend, and apply knowledge and has the ability to reason logically and abstractly.
  • Leaders, captains, managers, and those with social issues all exhibit high emotional intelligence. Contrarily, the intelligence quotient identifies persons who are intelligent, sensible, have mental difficulties, etc.
Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)
Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)

Is IQ or EQ More Important?

IQ was once thought to be the main factor in determining success. Researchers questioned whether intelligence was a result of genes or environment and believed that people with high IQ’s were destined for a life of success. Some detractors started to see that having great IQ did not always equate to success in life. Perhaps the concept was too limited to completely capture the diversity of human capacities and knowledge. Even now, IQ is still seen as a crucial component of success, especially when it comes to academic performance.

People with high IQ’s frequently perform well in school, frequently make more money, and generally tend to be healthier. But today’s specialists acknowledge that IQ is not the primary factor in determining success in life. Instead, it is a component of a multifaceted set of factors that also includes emotional intelligence.

Nowadays, many businesses need emotional intelligence training and incorporate EQ exams into the employment procedure. When faced with purchasing options, individuals’ emotional capacities might also affect their decisions. Daniel Kahneman, a Nobel Prize-winning psychologist, discovered that even if it means paying more for a worse product, people will rather do business with someone they like and trust than someone they do not.

Components of Emotional Quotient:

We examine both internal and environmental factors when evaluating emotional intelligence. EQ takes into account how we view and treat others as well as how we view and treat ourselves. The greater a person’s chances are of succeeding in greatness under most circumstances, the stronger each of these areas must be. The three traits of emotional intelligence that are specific to oneself are:

  • The capacity to identify and comprehend your moods, feelings, and desires as well as how they affect others is known as self-awareness.
  • Self-regulation is the capacity to restrain or refocus disruptive urges and moods as well as the predisposition to put off making snap decisions and deliberating before acting. In reality, you have the power to affect your emotional clarity.
  • An internal drive or tendency to pursue goals with vigor and tenacity is what is meant by motivation, which is the enthusiasm to work for reasons that go beyond the external drive for information, utility, surroundings, others, power, or methodology.
Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)
Difference Between EQ And IQ (Emotional quotient and Intelligence quotient)

Components of Intelligence Quotient:

There are two components of intelligence quotient which are as follows:

  • Understanding how your words and actions affect other people and their emotional makeup is known as social awareness. In all, it comes down to evaluating other people.
  • Your capacity for managing relationships and forming connections allows you to have an impact on others’ emotional stability.


Different people have varying levels of IQ and EQ. It is conceivable for someone to have a high IQ but a low EQ score, and the opposite is also true. As a result, several methodologies are used to measure IQ and EQ. Your IQ determines your abilities and personal capabilities, but your EQ decides how you relate to and treat others in your life and how you will handle pressure or a crisis. No one can change their IQ or capacity for reasoning, but everyone can learn to control their emotions, which will help them succeed in life.

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