Athena | Greek Goddess Of Heroic Endeavor | Mythology
Athena | Greek Goddess Of Heroic Endeavor | Mythology: Greek goddess Pallas and Athene both refer to Athena. She was frequently linked to combat and wisdom in ancient Greek mythology, as well as to craftsmanship, bravery, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, and skill. Athena also has several traits in common with the Roman mythological character Minerva. She is frequently referred to as the patron or guardian of important towns like Athens. Athena is frequently shown as a hero’s companion and is the patron goddess of heroic endeavour. She is well known for her tactical battle prowess. Athena was born from Zeus when he endured a great headache and she sprung fully formed and in Armor from his brow. She doesn’t have a mother, but one of the most frequently cited myths is that Zeus had an affair with Metis, the goddess of cunning thought and wisdom, and then swallowed her whole because he was afraid she would become pregnant and have a child that would be stronger than him due to a prophecy. However, she had already given birth.
Her name, according to academics, is derived from Athens. According to legend, she served as the Athenai’s leader. They were a group of females that revered and followed her. There is some disagreement about whether Athens was given its name by its inhabitants in her honour or after the city had already been founded. Many people think that she became famous because she led and lived in Athens. She was described by Plato in 407 BC, who asserted that people followed her because of her knowledge and insight. He further stated that the Greek word Athena, which can indicate the moon, earth, or air, is where she got her name.
There is less information available regarding Athena’s early years than there is about other Greek gods and goddesses. She is mentioned on early tablets known as the Linear B tablets, and she is referred to as Lady of Athens. Given that she was the daughter of Zeus, some people interpret passages from the Linear A tablets to refer to the Athena of Zeus. There are numerous frescoes that depict her as a warrior as well. In one, two women are present, and she is holding a shield in her hand. The second image depicts a woman standing in front of several rows of females. Some people think that the warrior goddess is represented in this painting in a different or more primitive form. The fact that Athena is shown as an owl in certain early artwork discovered by historians may help to explain why she is sometimes referred to as a bird goddess.
Athena is a goddess even if she is not a patron saint. She helped troops get ready for the battle ahead and gave them the equipment and resources they needed. Athena was known for many years as a war goddess. She stood in contrast to other Greek deities who believed that any conflict was worthwhile. Athena, the goddess, held that going to battle should only be done as a last resort and only if it is done for a noble or just cause. She stood in contrast to other Greek deities who believed that any conflict was worthwhile. Athena, the goddess, held that going to battle should only be done as a last resort and only if it is done for a noble or just cause. Later, academics connected her to both Hestia and Artemis. They also called her Parthenos, which is Greek for virgin. She never had a lover, in addition to never being married. Many people today think that the Parthenon’s name derives from the phrase used to characterize her virginity. Citizens gave her this name in recognition of her sexual modesty. Her virginity, in their opinion, opened the door for other women.
Outside of Athens
There were devotees of Athena in various cities. These organizations, often known as panhellenic cults, were made up of women who adhered to ancient rituals. Young ladies who valued interacting with people in both their hometowns and other cities made up the majority of her following. Some people attended these meetings in the hopes of meeting a guy they could marry and naturalize, while others attended to meet people and form friendships. Several sanctuaries were built in her honour by her cults. The Spartan Acropolis, which bears an epithet in her honour, is one of such shrines. Locals later changed it from bronze, which was originally manufactured as a sign of her ties to metal workers. Large metal and terracotta bells can also be found on the Acropolis. Another one made by Pytheos of Priene in her honour is called Athena Polias. The shrine was dedicated in front of Alexander the Great. The British Museum’s archives currently have an inscription that contains his words. There are numerous sculptures of the goddess in this museum and others.
There are several stories about her birth, but the majority state that she was Zeus’ third child and that she had no mother. The most popular version holds that she emerged from his brain as an adult and entered the world. According to a different legend, the Greek god collaborated with Metis, the goddess of wisdom. When Zeus ate the lady, she was carrying Athena, hence she originated from him. She was his favourite kid, and almost all tales and traditions claim that he cherished her more than his other children. She was his favourite because he only gave birth to her, according to The Iliad.
According to yet another account of her origin, Zeus and Metis had a relationship that ended in marriage. The god was scared that he would lose his position to her because of an old prophecy when he found out she was pregnant. According to this prophecy, any offspring born to the ladies will be more intelligent and powerful than their father. Without realizing it, he swallowed her while she was already carrying his child.
Another legend claims that Metis was a reluctant participant who made numerous attempts to flee the god but ultimately fell prey to his wraith. Upon bursting forth, Athena was so stunning that grown men fell to their knees in front of her. In the middle of the sky, Helios came to a complete halt because he was so moved by her beauty. In contrast to Artemis, his daughter, who was the goddess of the great outdoors and frequently portrayed as wild and untamed, Athena was more civilized and spent a lot of her time in cities. She didn’t have a strong bond with her family. Some claim that Hera didn’t like her since she reminded him that a different woman gave birth to his child. Others claim that she treated the new woman like her own daughter and loved her dearly.
The Greek word Pallas has a number of connotations. It could refer to a young woman or someone who carries and wields a weapon. According to legend, Pallas was Athena’s adoptive sister and best friend after Triton took her in. To discover who was the stronger of the two women, they engaged in a friendly sparring bout, but Pallas was killed in the incident. Athena was so furious that she started calling the girl by her name to honour her. According to a variant telling of the tale, Pallas was either a giant or a gorgon. Goddess Athena visited his area and engaged in combat with him. She transformed his skin into a cloak that she wore to demonstrate to others that she had triumphed.
The first myth is thought to be the oldest by the majority of historians. She had a statue of herself as her deceased companion erected and added to the Trojan Acropolis. The statue was revered by the locals as a talisman and was said to possess magical properties. It was said that as long as her monument remained up, no one could destroy the city. Cassandra remained by the statue’s side throughout the Trojan War in an effort to save it. She was taken from the statue by Ajax the Lesser, which enraged Athena to the point where she unleashed a storm that almost killed the soldiers.
The Dark Side
There is a link between the Greek deity and Medusa. According to legend, she was a young woman who served in Athena’s temple and followed Athena. She changed Medusa into the well-known fabled creature with snakes for hair who could turn men to stone because Athena was so furious over what Poseidon (Raped Medusa in Athena’s temple) had done to the young woman and her temple.
Athena made Tiresias (Son of one of her close friend) blind because she was so upset at the notion of him seeing her naked. She refused to change her mind, even when her friend implored her to. Instead, she gave the boy the ability to see into the future and converse with birds. She is supposed to have brought men to Mount Olympus for judgment. Only when she felt unable to make a decision did Athena do so. She would deliver the men to Zeus without delay. Some allege that she was unconcerned about what occurred afterward.
Also Read: 6 Ways to Be a Better Storyteller