Dramas and plays are definitely not given their due in literature. Everyone exalts poetry and fiction, but dramas are neatly forgotten , studied only as a part of literature courses and studied as informants of literary history. But they have a literary quality unlike any other form – brevity (or lack) of descriptions and colloquial, impactful dialogue. Here’s a list of the 10 best plays to read this year. These are probably top 10 plays you can read from the last century or so.

टेनेसी विलियम्स द्वारा नामित एक स्ट्रीटकार डिज़ायर

इस साल पढ़ने के लिए 10 सर्वश्रेष्ठ नाटक - डिज़ायर नाम की एक स्ट्रीटकार
10 Best Plays to Read This Year – एक स्ट्रीटकार जिसका नाम है चाहत

This play follows a Southern belle, Blanche DuBois who loses her family inheritance and comes to stay with her sister and ‘barbarian’ brother-in-law, Stanley. At once an exploration of glamour, pretense and wealth and a story full of love and hope, this Pulitzer prize winner is one of a kind. Its bleak urbane setting adds to the effect.

A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen

Top 10 Plays You Can Read - A Doll’s House
Top 10 Plays You Can Read – A Doll’s House

Norwegian playwright Ibsen outdoes himself with this play, whose title is an allegory for a woman’s fragile family life. The play follows the unraveling of a broken marriage. It’s a commendable feat that Ibsen shows his demurely feministic heroine call it quits on her marriage. The psychological impact of the play in tremendous.

The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde

गंभीर होने का महत्व
गंभीर होने का महत्व

In this satirical romantic play, we follow a hilarious mix-up that leads almost to the breakage of two romantic relationships. The ‘Earnest’ in the title is a pun, for the name of the main character is Earnest but he is actually dishonest. Oscar Wilde’s dialogue shines with wit and thinly laced satirical humour here, and it’s a treat to read.

Mourning Becomes Electra by Eugene O’Neill

इस वर्ष पढ़ने के लिए 10 सर्वश्रेष्ठ नाटक - शोक विद्युत बन जाता है
10 Best Plays to Read This Year – शोक विद्युत बन जाता है

Greek Electra gets a twist in O’Neill’s acclaimed play which follows a General whose wife poisons him. His son and daughter then avenge him by killing their mother. Post the son’s suicide, the daughter becomes a recluse. With intense themes of family, betrayal and matricide, this play is heavy but impactful.

लैंगस्टन ह्यूजेस द्वारा मुलतो

शीर्ष 10 नाटक जिन्हें आप पढ़ सकते हैं - मुलतो
Top 10 Plays You Can Read – काँसे के रंग का

The protagonist of this play is the natural son of a white Southern plantation owner and his Black slave, who obtains an education in the North. This education teaches him that the situation of his mother isn’t right, and that slavery is absolute racial subjugation. Exploring his usual themes of race and power, Hughes outdoes himself in this play.

मौन! कोर्ट का सत्र चल रहा है विजय तेंदुलकर द्वारा

मौन! कोर्ट सत्र में है
मौन! कोर्ट सत्र में है

Hailed as one of the best plays from modern India, this one follows a theatre company rehearsing a court-play. The play within the play takes a dark turn when the members start meta-trolling a decent woman for having a child outside marriage. The woman, in fact, is pregnant, and takes it to heart. This feministic look at a man’s world is terrifying.

लोरेन हंसबेरी द्वारा सूर्य में एक किशमिश

इस साल पढ़ने के लिए 10 सर्वश्रेष्ठ नाटक - धूप में एक किशमिश
10 Best Plays to Read This Year – धूप में एक किशमिश

This story about a Black family in South Chicago, revolving around themes of money, poverty, racial prejudice and more is a classic. Hansberry’s play is an exemplar of characterization, with intricate motives and backstories and dreams attributed to each character.

Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller

शीर्ष 10 नाटक जिन्हें आप पढ़ सकते हैं - एक विक्रेता की मृत्यु
Top 10 Plays You Can Read – एक सेल्समैन की मौत

Willie Loman is a classic character in his own right, and someone who stays in mind. This tragic play follows his journey as a salesman who has come to a dead end in his career. His character is incredibly complex – his jealousy at other’s success, almost cruelty at times feels disgusting yet we sympathise with him.  

जॉर्ज बर्नार्ड शॉ द्वारा आर्म्स एंड द मैन

शस्त्र और मनु
शस्त्र और मनु

Set in the Scandinavian landscapes, this war play follows a young, enigmatic heroine who gives up her romantic ideals in favour of an ordinary yet fulfilling true love. She chooses the simple love of a truly heroic yet flawed man over the charismatic pretense of another. This ‘anti-romantic’ play is a must read for the simplicity of language and wonderful characters.

आग और बारिश गिरीश कर्नाडी द्वारा

इस वर्ष पढ़ने के लिए 10 सर्वश्रेष्ठ नाटक - द फायर एंड द रेन
10 Best Plays to Read This Year – आग और बारिश

कर्नाड अब तक भारत के सर्वश्रेष्ठ नाटककारों में से एक हैं, और उनका यह नाटक महाभारत के समय में सामने आया। हालाँकि, इसमें कोई भी ऐसा चरित्र नहीं है जिसे हम उससे जानते हैं, जो एक तरह की पौराणिक कथा का निर्माण करता है। कथानक सरल है और उसके पात्रों को अच्छी तरह से चित्रित किया गया है, जिससे नाटक अवश्य देखा जाना चाहिए।

यह भी पढ़ें: बच्चों के लिए महाकाव्य पुस्तकें: बच्चों के लिए महाकाव्यों की 10 सर्वकालिक क्लासिक रीटेलिंग